The implementation of the following steps will significantly increase the chances of overestimation of the final assessment. There is even the possibility that after reviewing the ideally written abstract, the reviewers will not pay attention to the main text and the conclusion. Therefore, the researcher should concentrate all the attention on writing the abstract. That is why it is so important to know how to write an abstract for a research paper.
Undoubtedly, the rationale for choosing a theme is one of the main points of the abstract. There should be a good explanation of your choice of topic. You should start to write an abstract from a good introduction, which will impress both the scientific supervisor and all sorts of readers. Therefore, you should focus on this mini-review of the text which is called an abstract.
The abstract plays the role of a “support,” with which a further description should begin. Without it, the abstract will be incomplete, because you cannot begin the narrative immediately with relevant arguments or with a description of goals and objectives. If you do not have an opening word, then in case of presenting your work, you may have unnecessary and unpleasant questions, which will cause you a lot of trouble.
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The abstract, as a rule, consists of two or three pages of the text, which in its content fully reveals the problems of your topic. A correctly written abstract should contain the following main points:
- Disclosure of the basic concepts and problems of research paper. There should not be questions here, you single out the main problem of research and give a definition of the basic concepts with which you will work.
- You must show the features of the interaction of the main object of your research paper with the outside world. This is a very important question that can show your level of understanding of the topic you choose.
To determine how to write a good abstract for a research paper, it is necessary to consider the structure and plan for the abstract of research work, correctly formulate the relevance, subject, and object of research, the purpose and objectives of the project, the novelty and methods of research.
An abstract being the first section of the research project is located on the third sheet after the content of the research paper. It reveals the relevance of the topic, the purpose, and objectives of the project, the object of research and the hypothesis, which is formulated when there is a practical part in the research paper, the presence of experiments, investigation process, and observations.
The justification of the relevance of the research work proves the importance, the academic significance, the need for the results of the conducted research. The goal of the research work is also formulated there: the model of the desired final result of the research.
It is also important to indicate the specific tasks of the research paper, which will have to be solved in the course of the entire course of work. In the introduction of research paper, you can also indicate the degree of development of this topic in the literature or formulate the planned result of the study.
An abstract is the justification and proof of the importance of the topic under consideration of science, technology or selected specialization. Also, it is the summary of the whole text. An abstract is like a short digression that introduces the reader the essence of the problem, demonstrates the target audience a topic or task. It may seem that it is clear and there is nothing else to explain. However, we need to convince the reader that the text he reads is extremely important to him. Indeed, if he began to read the work – it already has some impact.
It is necessary to turn this impact into the personal interest. After reading a good abstract, the reader should feel convinced that he does not deal with this problem or the feeling of joy, that he finally found a worthy task, saw and understood the range of issues that should be dealt with today. Incidentally, this approach is useful when writing an abstract for a diploma, an article or dissertation. How can you convince the reader that the topic of the coursework is the most important one?
First, the range of issues that we are going to cover is already visible in the title of the scientific report (coursework). We clearly identified our sector in the problem. For example, the title of the paper: “Analysis of measuring errors in the study of the speed of sound in a solid body by the method of colliding rods.” The purpose of the work is set out clearly, and it is clear what will be discussed. Usually, the reader immediately finds the conclusions and looks for the annotation, where the main, most important results are stated. In the text of the abstract, there is no need to repeat the text of the title of the work.
Typically, the abstract begins by indicating the importance of the topic for a dedicated sector of science, technology or the field of knowledge. The work can be devoted to educational technologies, methods of performing laboratory work, etc. The abstract ends with a clearly formulated goal and a list of tasks that need to be solved in order to achieve this goal. The reader usually asks the question: “The goal is clear, but what needs to be done to solve it?” Or: “The goal is clear, and what’s wrong with that? We take and do. What problems?». In any case, show the tasks that you solved during the work. The reader cannot guess how difficult the topic of your work is unless you explain this.
All this is useful if you do not know how to write abstract for a research paper. The abstract should encourage reading and, possibly, the use of the results of your work. The abstract should show the level of information presented: what has been done in this area before you? The results of your work should complement the information outlined in the abstract. Otherwise, your work is not interesting. The technology of writing an abstract consists of a clear presentation of the individual interrelated parts, each of which is a convincing proof of the importance of thoughts expressed in the title.