Writing a research paper is one of the most challenging tasks during the studies. If the student hasn’t written any research projects before, he may face some troubles when choosing a topic, identification the best strategy to solve the problem and making a realistic projection of the work schedule. Moreover, if the paper should be written using the IEEE standard, one can have too many questions. That’s why we prepared this article to help you to write a qualitative research paper and to explain how to write a research paper in IEEE format.
In any case, the essential item of a research project is the topic of the paper, that is, the problem proposed to solve. When writing a research paper, it is essential to take into account that the subject should not be broad so that it does not take too much time to explore it. Your project must aim at a significant contribution to the research area. In the case of experimental works, that involve the use of different research techniques, much more in-depth knowledge of the existing literature and the relevance of the problem in the context of the area is necessary. However, the best idea to pick the right topic is to discuss it with your scientific advisor.
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Structure and content
The main parts of a research paper are the introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, and a bibliography. The primary purpose of the opening is to present the aim of a study, to shortly outline the questions that will be answered in the paper and to justify the relevance of your research. You can use here the literature and cite appropriate sources. This part is to explain the importance of the problem within the context of your area of the studies. You should also discuss previous works on this theme, justify the need and benefits of solving this problem. In this section, you should ask yourself for the specific objective and the more general objectives. What do you want to achieve with this work?
It is important not to confuse the second part of a simple article and the second part of a research paper since there is a difference between them. The second part of the article that is the main body describes all of the author’s investigations. However, in case of the research project, the second part of the paper (materials and methods) is used to describe the conditions and equipment used to carry out the proposed studies, as well as the means of analysis. In this part, an author should demonstrate that the equipment he uses is relevant to the problem treated and that the proposed method of analysis is appropriate. This part also describes the studies that will be performed and the purposes of the data analyzed.
The third part of the research paper describes the results of the research. In this part, the author should clearly outline the results of his study, to compare his conclusions with the investigations of other authors, make some proposals and suggestions concerning the future studies.
The last important part of the research paper is the bibliography. It includes the full reference list of all sources used while writing the research paper. It is usually structured taking into account some formatting style – APA or MLA. If you’re hesitating which format to use when preparing the bibliography list, you should ask your supervisor.
When the text of your paper is ready, it is about time to go to formatting. The IEEE format (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) is one of the most popular formats for preparing research papers, usually used in computer science. It is based on a Chicago Style, only the but citation numbers are included in the text in square brackets rather than as superscripts. Other formatting requirements:
- Font – Times new 12 pt;
- The margins on both sides, on the top and bottom of the page, should be 1-inch;
- The space between lines is double;
- The pages numbers should be written on the right corner of the page, beginning with the first page. Sometimes you can include your name on the papers since they can be separated. You should count the numbering from the first page of the text to the last page of the bibliography;
- All numerals should be Arabic (1, 2, 3, etc.);
- Start your bibliography on a separate page;
- The authors should be listed in the alphabetic order by an author. Therefore, all notes are listed in the order the bibliography sources are used.
- Do not reuse numbers of references – every time you cite a source, use a different number.
So, now you know how to create your research paper from the beginning to the end and how to write a research paper for IEEE format, so we wish you a productive work!