Research Paper: Audio Processing Disorder Auditory processing is a term that is used to describe the brain both recognizing and interpreting sounds around you. Auditory processing becomes a disorder when children cannot process the information the same way others do because both their brain and ears do not fully coordinate. Children with APD are not able to recognize the subtle differences between sounds in words, even if the words are pronounced clearly and loudly. What causes APD?
The exact reason for this disorder is still unknown. Although it is unknown, the disorder is most commonly associated and can be found in many children that may have dyslexia, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), autism, specific language impairment, pervasive developmental disorder, developmental delay, and a few others. Children that have Audio Processing Disorder are often thought to hear normally because they usually are able to detect pure tones in a very quiet environment, such as a sound-proof room.
In order to be able to diagnose a child with this disorder, you have to look for more symptoms than just hearing in a quiet environment. Some observations that can be made by parents, doctors, or teachers that can suggest a child has APD are difficulty of paying attention and retaining information that is presented orally, problems carrying out multi-step directions, poor listening skills, needing more time to process information, low academic performance, behavior problems, difficulty with reading, comprehension, spelling, and vocabulary. Another symptom is language difficulty.
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This means that the child confuses syllable sequences and can also have difficulty developing vocabulary and understanding language. There is now a lot of research being conducted on Audio Processing Disorder. In trying to understand why children have this disorder, there are new technologies to study the human brain through imaging. This enables doctors and scientists to monitor the brain without having a patient go under any kind of surgery. The use of imaging of the brain helps the doctors identify the source or sources of the symptoms.
Other studies under way are that of the central auditory nervous system, which helps to describe how the processes that mediate sound comprehension and recognition work, in both normal and disordered systems. There is still much research that must be done to come to a full understanding of APD. However, there are some devices that can help children who suffer from Auditory Processing Disorder. One of these are known as auditory trainers. These trainers are electronic devices that allow a person to focus attention on a speaker and reduce the interference of a background noise.
There also can be environmental modifications made in the classroom for students. This could mean that after a student gives directions to a class, the teacher then goes over the child diagnosed with APD and again repeat the directions to them. Also, a teacher can reword directions that are written down so that the student can be able to understand what to do much easier. Until more information on Audio Processing Disorder is found, these simple modifications can be used to help children who suffer from this disorder until one day we can find a proper way to fully diagnose this problem.