This research paper sought out to understand the roots of history and how our past has shaped our today referring to the hard of hearing community.
Exploring the historical period of the 19th century where stakes were high regarding the hard of hearing community, all the way into present time where these individuals are still facing struggles and adaptations are Just as evident but presented in a different light. Yesterday and Today: Shaping the Hard of Hearing Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we Quote)” -Confucius. The unique heritage of hard of hearing culture is very affluent and astonishing.
Understanding the desires of others wanting to learn about the history behind the hearing impaired will come across critical events like the “Deaf President Novo movement that essentially granted Gladdest University its first ever deaf president, learn about the expansion of personal hearing assisted technology past and present, read about the vicious segregation in schools for the deaf, and earn about the thousands of historical figures that were hard of hearing. History will always tell a tale and never ceases to prove to us that turbulent events, such as EDP, only occur behind the grounds of good reason.
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Many would argue that the American Revolution and our very own nation’s Civil Rights Movement, just so happen to be the result of many years of upstanding frustration and oppression on the part of people who were misunderstood, mistreated, underestimated, and undeniably Heritage”). Yet again, history always repeats Itself, It Is evident that the oppressed reach a point where they have had enough and realize hat their conditions will only change If they finally take matters Into their own hands and protest.
Although the united States believed enough of the hard of hearing ability to be apart of and contribute to Gladdest University In 1864, delimitation and prejudices against deaf and hard of hearing Individuals continued to Heritage”) Among the educators of deaf people there were many disagreements. Two parties then emerged known as the “Realists” and “Manuals. ” (“Dear I Mellon”) orals was essentially ten tenure or practice AT teaching hearing-impaired or deaf persons to communicate by means of spoken engage.
Minimalism is a method of education of deaf students using sign language within the classroom(“Journal of Deaf Studies and Education”) Edward Miner Gladdest outspokenly supported the usage of sign language alongside teaching students who were deaf and hard of hearing. Still at the same time, Alexander Graham Bell, the well-known prominent inventor of the telephone, was a vital advocate of the “pure oral method. “(“Deaf Timeline”) In the united states, deaf education has a very prolonging and extended chapters of history, even dating back to the 19th century.
A widely international meeting of educators of deaf children in Milan, Italy placed a ban of the use of sign language within the teaching of deaf and hard of hearing children in 1880. Inevitably, this settlement led to the dismissal of all deaf teachers from all classrooms due to the fact that it was believed deaf educators lacked skill therefore cannot either teach in or administer schools for deaf children or the hard of hearing(“Deaf Timeline”). Bell as well as other hearing individuals passionately believed they knew all that was preeminent for deaf individuals and advocated strongly for the suppression of sign language usage. “Deaf Heritage”) It is also evident that Bell advocated the fight against the intermarriage of deaf people. On the other hand, Edward Gladdest was very discarded regarding these issues but ultimately advocated the use of sign language. Almost all schools for deaf children used the oral method of instruction by 1919. Almost all of the educators were hearing, therefore inevitably deaf children had little or any exposure to deaf role models. (“Hard of Hearing Advocates”) Several deaf and hard of hearing people, and some hearing people too, have undistributed a great deal of inspiration and change to deaf history.
For example, Babe De Leper, widely known in France as “The Liberator of the deaf” started the first free school for the deaf in Paris. Alongside the incorporation of sign language intertwined with his ways of education, Babe De Leper is recognized as one of the greatest contributors of deaf and hard of hearing education since the 19th century. It is essential that we look back into the past coming to the realization that even though we have progressed since the 19th century, it is evident and crucial to the cause that the movement is still in effect.
For example, in the coming of the year 1996, The Federal Communications Commission passed a regulation in 1998 stating that television must have closed Apart of this process was an eight year window used to help ease the program out to the public, and by 2006, 100 percent of all television shows produced within the United States must be in adherence. Between the years 1999 to 2004, there were a total of 67 requests for deviation, however only three were granted(“Dubos’) Television shows however were given exemption for approximately one to three years.
Unfortunately, more recent years have been exposed to more requests and approvals, often times even without hearings. Its dated that on September 12, 2006, two television programs were granted “permanent” exemption It is evident that we can see the movement that is occurring and even the fight that is still agitating and pushing for less change, grasping ten roots AT conservatism. It is also very evident that technology has greatly impacted the hard of hearing community also becoming so prominent that the United States legal system passed many laws supporting assisted hard of hearing technology.
For example, The Hearing Aid Compatibility Act of 1988, specifies that all telephones made in or even imported for use within the United States of America, must be able to be converted into what they refer to as “telephone mode” specifically for individuals who wear hearing aids. (“Watching Films, Learning Language, Experiencing Culture”) Essentially the reasoning behind this is because the volume controls on hearing aids must sometimes be adjusted on the phone to prevent the volume from becoming too loud, also to prevent screeching feedback from happening.
HACK states that it is crucial that this eater must be present on all “Essential Phones,” being public pay phones, hotels, phones in hospitals, offices, and most importantly phones available for emergencies. The only phones exempt are those on official secure government lines where it is sensitive and classified information is processed(“Equitable representation of deaf people in mainstream academia”) While there are other laws regarding laws of the hearing world, Laws about airplane travel or treatment if happened to be detained by a law enforcement personnel, whatever the scenario must be we must remember the essentials.
Laws have a way f spelling things out rather then simply being clear in Just general terms. Hard of hearing individuals are entitled to share the same opportunities and privileges in life as hearing people. It is evident that most hard of hearing individuals do not view themselves as handicapped, instead they are Just different. They communicate without speaking and hearing, they will always be quick to explain that they are entitled to have the same rights as the hearing world, it is true because history tells us this everyday. However it is what becomes a challenge that constitutes accommodation.